Takahiro Arakawa, Takuma Suzuki, Masato Suzuki, Kenta Iitani, Po-Jen Chien, Ming Ye, Koji Toma, Yasuhiko Iwasaki, Kohji Mitsubayashi: Real-time monitoring of skin ethanol gas by a high-sensitivity gas phase biosensor (bio-sniffer) for the non-invasive evaluation of volatile blood compounds. In: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 129 , pp. 245–253, 2019.

Abstract

In this study, a highly sensitive and selective biochemical gas sensor (bio-sniffer) and real-time monitoring system with skin gas cell was constructed for the determination of ethanol gas concentration on human skin. This bio-sniffer measured the concentration of ethanol according to the change in fluorescence intensity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), which is produced in an enzymatic reaction by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The NADH detection system used an ultraviolet light emitting diode (UV–LED) as the excitation light, and a highly sensitive photomultiplier tube as a fluorescence intensity detector. The calibration range of the ethanol bio-sniffer was validated from 25 ppb to 128 ppm. To measure the concentration of ethanol within skin gas, subjects ingested an alcohol beverage, and the sensor output was monitored. We chose the central part of the palm, a back of the hand, and a wrist as targets. The real-time concentration of skin ethanol gas at each target was measured after drinking. The maximum output values were reached at approximately 70 min after drinking and then gradually decreased. We showed that ethanol release kinetics were different depending on the part of the hand measured with the developed monitoring system. Accordingly, this highly sensitive and selective bio-sniffer with a skin gas cell could be used to measure ethanol on the skin surface and could be applied for breath and skin gas research, as well as investigation of volatile blood compounds used as biomarkers for clinical diagnosis.

BibTeX (Download)

@article{Arakawa2019,
title = {Real-time monitoring of skin ethanol gas by a high-sensitivity gas phase biosensor (bio-sniffer) for the non-invasive evaluation of volatile blood compounds},
author = {Takahiro Arakawa and Takuma Suzuki and Masato Suzuki and Kenta Iitani and Po-Jen Chien and Ming Ye and Koji Toma and Yasuhiko Iwasaki and Kohji Mitsubayashi},
url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566318307681?via%3Dihub},
doi = {10.1016/j.bios.2018.09.070},
year  = {2019},
date = {2019-03-15},
journal = {Biosensors and Bioelectronics},
volume = {129},
pages = {245–253},
abstract = {In this study, a highly sensitive and selective biochemical gas sensor (bio-sniffer) and real-time monitoring system with skin gas cell was constructed for the determination of ethanol gas concentration on human skin. This bio-sniffer measured the concentration of ethanol according to the change in fluorescence intensity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), which is produced in an enzymatic reaction by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The NADH detection system used an ultraviolet light emitting diode (UV–LED) as the excitation light, and a highly sensitive photomultiplier tube as a fluorescence intensity detector. The calibration range of the ethanol bio-sniffer was validated from 25 ppb to 128 ppm. To measure the concentration of ethanol within skin gas, subjects ingested an alcohol beverage, and the sensor output was monitored. We chose the central part of the palm, a back of the hand, and a wrist as targets. The real-time concentration of skin ethanol gas at each target was measured after drinking. The maximum output values were reached at approximately 70 min after drinking and then gradually decreased. We showed that ethanol release kinetics were different depending on the part of the hand measured with the developed monitoring system. Accordingly, this highly sensitive and selective bio-sniffer with a skin gas cell could be used to measure ethanol on the skin surface and could be applied for breath and skin gas research, as well as investigation of volatile blood compounds used as biomarkers for clinical diagnosis.
},
keywords = {Alcohol metabolism, Bio-sniffer, enzyme, Ethanol, fluorescence, NADH, Skin gas},
pubstate = {published},
tppubtype = {article}
}